The importance of lighting in interior design

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Lighting plays an incredibly important role in interior design and affects the visual experience, but also mood, productivity, and our life cycle. Natural or artificial lighting has an aesthetic as well as a functional role. And yet, often not unjustly neglected.

Proper lighting can provide the atmosphere in a room, whether it is intimate and calm or energetic and dynamic. But, why is lighting so important? It is all about our circadian rhythm – a biological process that follows cycles during the day. That internal clock is largely determined by light. And this means that we are “programmed” to be active and efficient in the blue-white daytime light, and calm and relaxed in the warm evening light. Natural lighting, therefore, has numerous advantages, but unfortunately, we cannot control it. On the other hand, artificial light and modern technology, help us achieve the atmosphere we want and highlight or hide details.

It is important to stress that natural light has many benefits such as improved mood, great productivity, and well-being. Also if used correctly it can create a sense of openness in a space. Natural light can help smaller rooms look spacious. It is also a mighty tool for highlighting textures, colors, and other details. In combination with natural materials, it can create a cozy and warm atmosphere.

Artificial lighting can help to improve the aesthetics and functionality of a space. But, this requires careful consideration of the placement and intensity of lighting including type, color temperatures, and lighting levels.

Artificial lighting can be used to draw attention to an important piece of artwork or to accentuate architectural features. It can be designed and controlled in order to create different emotions, from intimate and warm to bright, and energizing.

Image: Marcin Galusz

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